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It is estimated that more than 18 milion people in the United States have type 2 diabetes, but more than 7 million of those people don't even know that they have it. Symptoms of diabetes can be mild or barely noticeable, and are often dismissed. The American Diabetes Association recommends that every adult over the age of 45 be screened for diabetes every three years, but certain populations are at an increased risk. Read on to find out your risk for type 2 diabetes and learn the warning signs.
More facts from the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (released Jan. 26, 2011)
- 25.8 million children and adults in the United States—8.3% of the population—have diabetes.
- Diagnosed: 18.8 million people
- Undiagnosed: 7.0 million people
- Pre-diabetes: 79 million people
- New Cases: 1.9 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people aged 20 years and older in 2010.
WHO IS AT RISK?
|Check all that apply to you:
The more items you checked, the higher your risk for type 2 diabetes.
- I am over 45 years of age
- I am overweight
- I am not active. I exercise less than three times a week.
- I have a parent, brother or sister with diabetes
- My ethnic background is Asian American, African American, Hispanic/Latino, Alaska Native or Pacific Islander
- I gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- I have a history of heart disease
- I've been told that my blood sugars are slightly elevated
THE DIABETES WARNING SIGNS
Signs and symptoms of diabetes:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Blurred vision
- Unusual change in body weight (usually weight loss without trying)
- Infections and/or sores that will not heal
- Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
If you experience any of these symptoms, talk to your doctor. Tell your doctor if you have a family history of diabetes. Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the chance of developing diabetes complications in the future.