What is a concussion?
A concussion is a brain injury resulting from a blow to the head or from having one’s head and neck jarred violently. It isn’t a problem limited to contact sports – a concussion may result from a car accident or something as simple as a child falling off a bike and hitting her head on the sidewalk.
Concussions can be very serious. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that as many as 3.8 million sports and recreation-related concussions happen each year in the U.S., and that almost 50% of these injuries go undiagnosed and untreated, putting the victim at risk for a more severe brain injury.
What are the symptoms of a concussion?
Anyone who has the following symptoms after a head injury should seek emergency medical care: loss of consciousness, repeated vomiting, lack of coordination, seizures, or symptoms that worsen over time. Concussion symptoms can include any of the following:
- Blurry vision
- Sensitivity to noise and light
- Trouble concentrating
- One in ten people will lose consciousness
How is a concussion diagnosed?
Doctors diagnose a concussion by conducting a physical exam and sometimes a CT scan to rule out bleeding in the brain. An EEG test to measure the brain’s electrical activity may also be indicated.
What is the treatment for a concussion?
Treatment begins with an expert assessment of the problem and continues with an individualized prescription for mental and physical rest. The doctor’s recommendations about when the patient may return to sports or other activities are based on the severity of the injury, the duration of symptoms and any history of concussions. With proper treatment, the brain damage that results from a moderate concussion is usually reversible.
Where is the Concussion Clinic?
Located on Edward Hospital’s Naperville and Plainfield campuses, the Concussion Clinic offers patients convenient access to the advanced imaging technology that may be needed for their diagnosis.
Our Clinic offers the expertise of board-certified neurologists and experts board-certified in stroke, neurocritical care and headache medicine. Learn more about our team.
To speak to a concussion expert from the Edward Neurosciences Institute, call the Naperville office at (630) 527-7730 or the Warrenville office at (630) 836-9121.