Call your health care provider if you develop flank pain or other symptoms of acute unilateral obstructive.
Call your health care provider if symptoms worsen during or after treatment, or if new symptoms develop.
If you are prone to kidney stones, drink plenty of water (6 to 8 glasses per day) to reduce the chance of their formation.
A diet low in salt (sodium) and oxalate and high in citrate significantly reduces risk of developing calcium-type kidney stones. Reducing how much calcium you get usually is not helpful. Talk to a nutritionist for more information on such diets.
Seek medical attention if kidney stones persist or come back to identify the cause and to prevent new stones from forming.
Peters CA. Perinatal urology. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Sauders Elsevier; 2007: chap 109.
Pais VM, Strandhoy JW, Assimos DG. Pathophysiology of urinary tract obstruction. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Sauders Elsevier; 2007: chap 37.
Frokiaer J, Zeidel ML. Urinary tract obstruction. In: Brenner BM, ed. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa ; Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 35.
Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; Louis S. Liou, MD, PhD, Chief of Urology, Cambridge Health Alliance, Visiting Assistant Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.