Schizophrenia Description: An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of schizophrenia Highlights: Causes of Schizophrenia The causes of schizophrenia are not known. Multiple factors such as genetics and brain chemistry may play a role. Complications of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia can have a devastating impact on patients and their families. Patients with schizophrenia have increased risk for self-destructive behaviors and suicide. The antipsychotic drugs used to treat schizophrenia can have severe side effects, including increased risk of obesity and diabetes.
Systemic sclerosis; Localized scleroderma Highlights: Overview Scleroderma is an uncommon, complex, autoimmune disease. The body's immune system attacks its own tissues. It affects the skin by causing hardened tissue or ulcers and may harm the internal organs. Treatment aims to reduce symptoms, but there is no cure. There are two major forms of the disease.
Scoliosis Description: An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of scoliosis. Highlights: Overview: Scoliosis affects about 2 - 3% of the population (about 6 million people in the United States). It can occur in adults, but is more commonly diagnosed for the first time in children aged 10 - 15 years. About 10% of adolescents have some degree of scoliosis, but less than 1% of them develop scoliosis that requires treatment. Among persons with relatives who have scoliosis, about 20% develop the condition.
Shingles and chickenpox (Varicella-zoster virus) 05/03/2011
Chicken pox; Herpes zoster; Postherpatic neuralgia Highlights: Chickenpox Vaccine Recommendations The CDC recommends the following chickenpox (varicella) vaccination schedules for: Children ages 12 months - 12 years . All healthy children should receive their first chickenpox shot at age 12 - 15 months and a second shot at age 4 - 6 years (preferably before entering pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, or first grade).
Sickle cell disease 02/07/2012
Sickle cell anemia Highlights: What is Sickle Cell Disease? Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder in which the body produces abnormally shaped red blood cells. In sickle cell disease, the hemoglobin in red blood cells clumps together. This causes red blood cells to become stiff and C-shaped. These sickle cells block blood and oxygen flow in the body.
Nasal congestion; Rhinosinusitis Highlights: Sinusitis Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the sinuses, the air-filled chambers in the skull that are located around the nose. Bacteria are the most common cause of sinusitis, but there can be other causes as well. Symptoms of sinusitis include thick nasal discharge, facial pain or pressure, fever, and reduced sense of smell.
Skin wrinkles and blemishes 11/06/2011
Liver spots; Pupura; Seborrheic keratoses; Cosmetic surgery; Plastic surgery Highlights: Overview: As you age, your skin undergoes progressive changes: The cells divide more slowly, and the inner layer of skin starts to thin. The thinning skin becomes vulnerable to injuries and damage. The deeper layer of the skin, which provides scaffolding for the surface skin layers, loosens and unravels.
Smoking Description: An in-depth report on the health risks of smoking and how to quit. Highlights: Overview: Just over 45 million people, or about 19% of adults in the United States, smoke. The good news is that smoking rates are dropping; they fell by nearly 1% -- or 3 million people -- between 2005 and 2010. The number of heavy (pack-a-day) smokers is also down. In 1965, 23% of the population smoked heavily. That number was down to 7% in 2007. Smoking cessation programs and smoke-free environments have played a role in the decline.
Stress Description: An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of stress. Highlights: Stress affects most people at some time. It results in changes throughout the body such as increased heart rate and pumping action as well as immune system changes. Some amount of stress is healthy, but too much negative stress, left untreated, can lead to anxiety and illness. In the American Psychological Assocition's 2010 Stress in America Survey , 44% of American adults reported that their stress level has increased over the past 5 years.
Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination Sudden, severe headache with no known cause F.