Gallstones and gallbladder disease 07/19/2011
Cholecystitis; Choledocholithiasis; Bile duct stones Highlights: Overview: Gallstones are small, hard deposits that can form in the gallbladder, a sac-like organ that lies under the liver in the upper right side of the abdomen. Gallstones are common in the western world, affecting 10 - 15% of adults. The process of gallstone formation (cholelithiasis) is generally slow.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn 08/07/2011
Heartburn; GERD Highlights: Overview: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which acid and gastric contents flow up from the stomach into the esophagus ("food pipe"). About half of American adults experience GERD at least once a month. People of all ages are susceptible to GERD. The hallmark symptoms of GERD are: Heartburn : a burning sensation in the chest and throat.
Glaucoma Description: An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of glaucoma. Highlights: Glaucoma Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness. While glaucoma can develop in anyone, people over age 60, who have a family history of glaucoma, or who are African-American are at especially high risk. Certain types of medical conditions, such as diabetes or extreme near-sightedness, can also increase the risk for glaucoma. Glaucoma is a term used to describe several types of eye conditions that affect the optic nerve.
Hyperuricemia Highlights: Gout is a painful inflammatory arthritis condition caused by deposits of uric acid crystals in the joints and soft tissues. The painful attacks often begin at night and may last for a week. An estimated 6.1 million adults in the U.S. have gout. The incidence and prevalence of gout is growing in the U.S. This is most likely due to obesity, an aging population, and the use of diuretics.