Carpal tunnel syndrome 05/26/2012
Repetitive stress injuries Highlights: Overview: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) develops from problems in a nerve in the wrist -- not the muscles, as some people believe. Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome usually progress gradually over weeks and months, or sometimes years. Anyone with recurrent or persistent pain, numbness and tingling, or weakness of the hand should consult a doctor for an evaluation.
Cataracts Description: An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cataracts. Highlights: Cataracts Cataracts are a common age-related vision problem. About 20.5 million Americans age 40 and older have cataracts, and the older a person gets the greater the risk for developing cataracts. Women are more likely to develop cataracts than men, and African Americans and Hispanic Americans are at particularly high risk. In addition to age, other factors may increase the risk of cataract development.
Cervical cancer 11/15/2011
Dysplasia; Human papillomasvirus Highlights: Cervical Cancer and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer. HPV, which also causes genital warts, is spread primarily through sexual contact. About half of all sexually active young women become infected with the virus, but only 10% remain infected for more than 5 years.
Hypercholesterolemia; LDL; HDL; Triglycerides Highlights: Total Cholesterol Goals A blood test is used to measure cholesterol levels. A person’s total cholesterol level is determined from calculations and measurements of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglycerides. Standard total cholesterol goals for adults are: Less than 200 mg/dL is desirable Between 200 - 239 mg/dL is considered borderline Over 240 mg/dL is considered high Lifestyle Changes The first step to improving cholesterol levels is through lifestyle changes (especially diet and exercise).
Chronic fatigue syndrome 02/07/2012
Chronic fatigue syndrome Description: An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome. Highlights: A federal advisory committee has recommended that the name of the condition be changed from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) to myalgic encephalomyelitis or myalgic encephalopathy chronic fatigue syndrome (ME-CFS) to more accurately characterize the complex nature of the disease. Introduction: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is not a new disorder. In the 19th century the term neurasthenia, or nervous exhaustion, was applied to symptoms resembling CFS.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 03/16/2011
COPD; Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency; Bronchitis - chronic; Chronic bronchitis; Emphysema Highlights: Causes Cigarette smoking remains the major cause of COPD, but it isn't the only cause. In most studies, smoking accounts for about 80% of COPD cases. Other causes, such as genetic syndromes (alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency) and exposures such as outdoor pollution are also involved in the development of the disease.
Cirrhosis Description: An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cirrhosis. Highlights: Causes of Cirrhosis Cirrhosis is a liver disease characterized by permanent scarring of the liver that interferes with its normal functions. Causes include: Alcoholism Chronic hepatitis B and C Autoimmune hepatitis Bile duct disorders such as primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) Metabolic disorders such as hemachromatosis, Wilson’s disease, and alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency Prolonged exposure to certain chemicals and medications Complications Cirrhosis can cause many serious complications including: Ascites (fluid buildup in the abdomen) Variceal hemorrhage, severe bleeding from varices (enlarged veins in the esophagus and upper stomach) Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, a severe infection of the membrane lining of the abdomen Hepatic encephalopathy, damage to the brain caused by buildup in the body of toxins such as ammonia Hepatocellular carcinoma, a type of liver cancer Hepatorenal syndrome, when kidney failure occurs along with severe cirrhosis Dietary and Lifestyle Changes All patients with cirrhosis can benefit from certain lifestyle interventions.
Colds and the flu 02/12/2012
Influenza; Strep throat; Bird flu; Avian influenza Highlights: Overview Upper respiratory tract infections affect the air passages in the nose, ears, and throat. Organisms that cause these upper respiratory tract infections are generally spread by direct contact (such as hand-to-mouth) with germs or by someone coughing or sneezing. The common cold is the most common upper respiratory tract infection.
Colon and rectal cancers 11/10/2011
Colorectal cancer Highlights: Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines A number of major organizations, including The American Cancer Society, The US Preventive Services Task Force, and The American College of Gastroenterology, have created guidelines related to screening for colorectal cancer. Overall, their recommendations are fairly similar.
Coronary artery disease 05/05/2011
Angina; Atherosclerosis; Heart disease Highlights: Coronary Artery Disease Coronary artery disease (CAD), also called heart disease, is a condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build-up in the heart’s arteries. These deposits cause arteries to become narrow and blocked, which restricts blood and oxygen flow to the heart muscle.