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We want you to be confident about terms you may hear during your evaluation. We've defined the most common sleep disorders that we treat along with some of our services so you can better understand sleep medicine.
Sleep Apnea - a sleep related breathing disorder that causes your body to stop breathing during sleep. It occurs when the tissues at the back of the throat collapse and block the airway, preventing air from getting to the lungs.
Sleep Disordered Breathing - abnormal respiratory pattern or an abnormal gas exchange (i.e. hypoventilation) during sleep. It can alter the duration and architecture of an individual's sleep.
Insomnia - the inability to fall asleep or to remain asleep long enough to feel rested.
Restless Leg Syndrome - a neurological condition that is characterized by the irresistible urge to move the legs.
Narcolepsy - a chronic sleep disorder characterized by an overwhelming daytime drowsiness and sudden attacks of sleep.
Nightmares - a type of sleep disruption, or parasomnia, characterized by frightening psychological content. Nightmares provoke a feeling of imminent physical danger with a sensation of being trapped or suffocated. These frightening dreams can appear while dreaming and can trigger a partial or complete awakening. Nightmares are especially common during early childhood, but can occur any age.
Night Terrors - characterized by anxiety episodes with extreme panic, often accompanied by screaming, restless movement, fast breathing and sweating that usually occurs a few hours after initiating sleep.
Parasomnia - a sleep disorder in which odd or dangerous events occur during that disrupt sleep. Parasomnias can include sleep talking, sleep walking, night terrors, nightmares, REM behavior disorder and nocturnal dissociative disorder.
Bed Wetting - also known as enuresis, involuntary urination. Nighttime urination may be associated with a type of sleep disorder.
Polysomnogram - a comprehensive recording of the biophysiological changes that occur during sleep. This diagnostic testing procedure monitors EEG activity, eye movement, EMG or muscle activity, heart rhythm, and respiratory effort.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) - a CPAP machine omits humidified room air at rate of pressure that splints open the airway during sleep. The air pressure from the machine is administered through a nasal mask that is worn during sleep.
Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) - a nap study test that is used to gauge how quickly you fall asleep in quiet situations during the day. The MSLT is the standard way to measure your level of daytime sleepiness.
Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT) - is used to measure how alert you are during the day. It measures the ability to maintain wakefulness for a period of time. It is an indicator of functioning and alertness during quiet times of inactivity