Reflexes are predictable, uncontrollable responses to a certain type of stimulation.
Babinski's reflex is one of the reflexes that occurs in infants. It is normal in children up to 2 years old, but it disappears as the child gets older and the nervous system becomes more developed. It may disappear as early as 12 months.
The presence of a Babinski's reflex after age 2 is a sign of damage to the nerve paths connecting the spinal cord and the brain (the corticospinal tract). This tract runs down both sides of the spinal cord. A Babinski's reflex can occur on one side or on both sides of the body.
An abnormal Babinski's reflex can be temporary or permanent.
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David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by Joseph V. Campellone, MD, Division of Neurology, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.